Co-occurring Disorders Specialist
I was one of the first clinicians in the State of New York that recognized the phenomenon of co-occurring disorders. When I started one of the first programs for patients with psychiatric dissorders and addictive disorders, we referred to the phenomenon as MICA – Mentally Ill Chemical Abuser. As my career went on to become the Clinical Director of Choices at Four Winds Hospital, I began to do more and more research and realized that the “MICA” phenomenon was much more complicated. Thus, I helped the movement to evolve into what is known today as co-occurring disorders , and by the time I became a Division Director at the Westchester Division of New York Hospital, Cornell University, and designed the internationally recognized Retreat at Westchester, I had honed my clinical skills to understand the subtle diferences of those with major psychiatric disorders and addiction, as well as personality disorders and addiction, and all the combinations and permutations of these disease entities.